What Is Mold?
Mold is a fungus that comes in a variety of colors ranging from red to orange, pink, green and black. Most forms of mold are not harmful to humans in mild concentrations, and in fact mold spores are always present in the air that we breathe. Some molds, like Strachybotrys atra, commonly known as toxic “Black Mold” are harmful and dangerous to breathe in any concentration. As modern life requires living indoors most of the time, mold identification and mold removal has become a necessary service to maintaining good health. In New Hampshire, peak mold season runs from April through November, and is most active during a rainy spring and high humidity during the summer.
Mold requires moisture, stagnant air, and a food source. An organic building material such as drywall or plywood sheeting makes a perfect breeding ground for mold. Mold spreads through the air with spores that attach themselves to moist, porous surfaces. Colonization of mold fungus will continue as long as the conditions are right.
Because mold spreads through spores, it’s important to identify the type of mold before removing it. If the mold is toxic, every effort must be made to contain the area and eradicate the source as quickly as possible. At New England Remediation Services, we have state-of-the-art mold testing equipment not available to the retail market.
Bleach does not kill mold. There are some forms of biocide available, and now it’s even in some paints. Before painting, however, it’s important to be sure that the surface is completely mold free and not subject to regrowth. Sheet rock in the bathroom, for example, should be “blue board,” a wax coated drywall made specifically for bathrooms. Dry ice blasting is the safest, most effective way to remove mold from attics and basements because it detaches the mold fungi from its food source and is then cleaned up and removed from the site.
After mold concentrations have been remediated, steps should be taken to eliminate the conditions that caused the mold to grow in the first place. This could be water damage in the wall, a flooded or wet basement, or better ventilation in the attic. A follow-up application of a nontoxic biocide can also ensure that mold will stay away after remediation. As your Indoor Air Quality Experts in New Hampshire, we are able to help you every step of the way!